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Light, Medium & Heavy Oil

Light, Medium & Heavy Oil

Allow us to introduce you to our good friend Oil. Many of you are probably acquainted with oil, but we want to help you get to know each other a little better. Oil is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon that is formed under great heat and pressure buried under sedimentary rocks. The three main attributes of oil are:

Density: The ratio between mass and volume

Viscosity: Internal resistance to flow, or ‘thickness’

Solubility: The ability to dissolve in a solvent

“Crude oil is classified as light, medium or heavy, according to its measured API [American Petroleum Institute] gravity.

  • Light Crude has an API gravity higher that 31.1° API
  • Medium Crude has an API gravity between 22.3° API and 31.1° API
  • Heavy Crude has an API gravity below 22.3° API

API Gravity is a measure of how heavy or how light a petroleum liquid is compared to water. If it’s API gravity is greater than 10, it is lighter and floats on water, if less that 10, it is heavier and sinks.”

Heavy oil, also referred to as Non-Conventional Oil, rises slowly and is highly-viscous, which makes it more expensive, more difficult and slower than light, or medium oil.

Quattro Exploration & Production currently produces 240 bbl of heavy oil and 305 bbl of light oil per day. To learn more about Quattro, Join their investor group on 8020 Connect and become informed.

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Laura Garet

Laura is 8020 Connect’s Client Communications & Social Media Specialist. In 2014, She received her Bachelor of Communications in Information Design from Mount Royal University in Calgary, Alberta. After a couple brief positions in other marketing roles, Laura has found her home with 8020.

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